Colors in landscape Tips

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What are some design elements of a white garden?

"White" gardens

White gardens are most effective when they are comprised of green and grey leaved plants that serve to offset white flowers or plants with variegated foliage. In a white garden, contrasting foliage textures are important to provide interest in green areas. Garden structures in the form of walls, fences, or hedges are also important in order to frame a scene or provide a background for white blooms.

How does color impact garden design?

influencing perspective

Colors can influence perspective when viewing the garden from a distance. Cool colors, such as blue forget-me-nots ( Brunnera macrophylla ) and green hosta ( Hosta ) recede into a landscape while hot colors, such as pink geraniums ( Pelargonium ) and red flowered cannas ( Canna ) come forward into a scene.

Is planting a garden with only bright colors a good idea?

breaking up same colors in design

For many gardeners, planting the biggest, brightest blooms they can find is the main point of gardening, but this isn't a good idea. You should try to break up the color somewhat by choosing colors in the same family such as pink and red. Look at a color wheel to get some ideas. Or you can limit your palette to three to four colors with one of those colors being a neutral such as white or gray. Don't forget to consider the background your plants will be appearing against.

Should I use bright colors in a small garden?

tips for using bright colors

Bright colors such as yellow, orange, and red in a garden can jump out at you. While they can make a distant garden come forward, they can also make a small garden feel smaller, so use them with some caution. If you have a narrow bed or yard, yellow or red plants placed at the corners can square it up.

Are there any plants that are black?

"Black" plants?

If you are looking for the color “black” for your garden there are plants available that are actually deep purple or deep burgundy, but can appear as black! Amongst these are sweet potato vine ( Pomona batatus Blackie ), chocolate cosmos ( Cosmos astrosanguineus ), fountain grass ( Pennisetum setaceum Rubrum ), Dark Opal basil ( Ocimum Dark Opal ), Iris Ruby Chimes , smoke bush ( Cotinus coggygria Royal Purple ), Penstemon digitalis Tulipa Black Parrot Viola tricolor Bowles Black , and black bachelor s buttons ( Centaruea cyanus Black Ball

How can dark-foliaged plants be used in a garden?

Dark-foliaged plants in a garden

For a great effect in a garden, place dark-foliaged plants with others that share a common pigment. Here harmony, rather than contrast is the theme. Since dark foliage is as varied as any other, first determine what pigment you're dealing with---for example, if it tends to be blue, cerise or brown/green, choose companion plants that share this pigmentation. Deep pink roses or rhododedron blooms can share the warm tones of the crimson foliage o a Japanese maple or the dark purple foliage of a smoke tree can highlight the fragrant mauve flowers of a dwarf lilac and, later, the velvety purple flowers of Clematis viticella.

How can I use color to create an exciting garden?

using strong, vivid colors

Strong, vivid, contrasting colors create an exciting, busy landscape making your eyes jump from one color to the next. Bright colors planted everywhere though are not effective attention getters. Using red in your garden can draw immediate attention -- it will be the color that your eye sees first. Bright red flowers planted near the front door will draw the attention of visitors and guide them to the door.

How can dark gardens affect my border?

Dark or deep colors

Dark or deep colors tend to recede into the background of darkish foliage, though if you viewed them up close, they are often quite beautiful. But for garden effect, especially at some distance from the observer, brighter and lighter colors will give a cheerful air to the border. Blues and purples—though not the pastel shades, are receding colors and are best used close to and against light colored walls and can be quite effective.

How can I create a tranquil mood using color in my garden?

creating tranquility with color

Colors can also be used to create repetition or a theme in a garden or set a mood.
If you want to create a tranquil mood on your landscape, design your garden with pastel or weak colors…this color scheme may seem rather monotonous but it will create a restful feeling.

How do plant colors impact perspective?

creating depth and perspective

Colors in a garden have an enormous impact on perspective, just as in art. Pale colors tend to recede. The use of blue especially, makes a garden feel serene. If you plant a drift of blue flowers at the back of a bed, you can make the bed appear deeper than it actually is. White and pale pink can brighten up shady areas, bringing the corners of beds forward.

What role does “color” play in a landscape plan?

Color's "role" in a landscape plan

Color is the most visible factor in a landscape. The average person barely notices how an outdoor space functions, but is usually very attracted to the color in the landscape. But, remember, color is only one element among many to be considered to create a balanced, harmonious and functional landscape. Use color in a disciplined and controlled fashion to strengthen, rather than disrupt, the general form and pattern of garden and street. Color can add visual excitement in the landscape, but if used improperly, it can create chaos.

Should colors stay related in a border?

relating colors

It is a good idea to keep color related when designing a border. Warm reds go best with oranges, yellow-oranges, and yellows; the scarlets and vermillions and the coral pink and flesh pink also relate to these warm shades. The cool reds--magenta, crimson, bluish pinks--work better with white, lavender, blues and purples. The background against which flowers will be seen should also be considered. (Orange-red brick walls would not be a suitable background for magenta and cool reds, orchid and bright purplish flowers)

What importance does the common color green have in a home landscape?

Dominant color Green

The color “green” in a landscape may be taken for granted, but green acts as a background to all outdoor colors and it can also provide a stabilizing factor to the landscape's overall design. Green can be used to tie a design together even when many different hues are visible. Using green as the only hue in a design has merit. Many exquisite gardens have been designed with the only color interest being the various shades of green. This treatment tends to emphasize the textures and forms of materials.

Is there a benefit for creating an all white garden?

benefits of an all white garden

White and ivory colors in a garden do much to pull together and knit color compositions into either exciting or serene effects.
All white gardens provide a crisp clean color that shows up well at night and can also be used to line up dark paths. If you are at a job all day and only come home at night, you may appreciate an all white garden!

How can color contrast be used in a garden?

Using contrasting colors

Color contrast can be used in a number of ways in a garden setting: it can emphasize the plant's role as an important specimen, or distract a less desirable feature on the landscape such as a compost pile or utility area, or even draw focus into a garden space that has a less than pleasing environment beyond—like buildings or a busy street.

How can unity in color be provided in a garden?

methods to create unity

Methods to create unity among a variety of colors in your landscape is to choose plants with similar shapes or textures…or select the same plant in a variety of colors.

What are some moods colors can create?

Colors and Moods

Color experts may not agree on which colors produce which emotional responses, but they do agree that colors can affect emotions. Examples: it has been said that pink has a calming effect and red causes excitement.
Blue is supposed to be calming because it reminds people of water.
Green is refreshing because it brings thoughts of nature.

What can I plant for color to change a yard’s appearance?

Use color to alter a yard's appearance

A large bed of white tulips can make a small yard look larger...A smattering of naturalized yellow narcissi can make a barren bit of property look like a natural wonder. Eye-catching yellows and reds appear closer to the eye than they are, but cool blues appear further away. Blue along the borders can make a small yard appear larger than it is.

How can color be provided in a winter landscape?

Winter Color

To provide relief from the dreariness of winter, one idea is to accentuate those qualities of plants that are more visible because of their bareness in winter. Plants with green or red twigs, trees with colorful exfoliating bark, fruits that persist through winter or plants with late-winter or very early spring blooms all brighten the winter landscape. Many perennials also provide much-longed-for color in winter. The plumes of ornamental grasses and the bronze, winter foliage of many stems and seed heads persist in winter and provide an array of golden browns, rusts and yellows.

What are some plants that can provide winter color?

Junipers for winter color

Some evergreens take on a different hue in winter. Some junipers, greenish silver or bluish silver in summer, may have tones in winter ranging from pinkish to purplish, adding a sense of gaiety to the winter landscape. Not all junipers change of course, but according to variety this can be a welcome change when winter comes and spring seems far behind.

How can I plan for an ALL green garden?

planning a green garden design

For ALL greens in a garden, you might experiment by taking leaves from a number of plants and creating your own color wheel. This will give you some idea of the variation between greens and give you ideas on how to play up these contrasts. Finally, don't ignore leaf shape and plant structure: A green garden gains much from the use of a variety of textures and shapes to keep it interesting.

What are some ideas for plants in an all green garden?

"Green" garden design

Green gardens can be the most difficult to put together but the most rewarding to look at. Keep in mind that there are practically as many shades of green as there are plants. You can choose from the grey green of lamb's ears ( Stachys byzantina ), the acid green of spurge ( Euphorbia polychroma ), and of course the hundreds of variegated choices. When it comes to variegated plants, choose selectively as too many of these can take away from the sense of surprise they provide.

How does contrast help organize color schemes in a garden setting?

Using color contrast to organize a colr scheme

Contrast can be used to help organize color schemes where each plant can enhance and flatter it's companions. Most successful contrasts are complimentary - that is, roughly opposite on the color wheel. An example would be when a purple smoke tree with it's rich dark purple foliage is underplanted with acid-green lady's-mantle…here, both partners benefit: each appears more vivid and attractive because purple and yellow-green are nearly opposite each other on the color wheel.

How does the color blue affect a garden?

using Blue in gardens

Using the color blue in a garden, a common favorite color, creates a cool and relaxing mood. Blue is easy to combine with other colors, and when combined with white, it can make a garden appear much cooler, even on a hot day!

Can contrasting plants be used to accent plantings?

Use color contrast to accent larger borders

Color contrast can also be used to punctuate plantings in a larger context. An example would be: Purple-leafed barberries or sand cherries placed at regular intervals along a perennial or shrub border—they provide rhythm and form to otherwise informal plantings.

Should you plant a diversity of colors in a large garden?

Adding color in a large garden

In a large garden, wide palette of colors can be used at your discretion. However, just as in a smaller garden, you might want to stick with a few colors or some signature plants such as groundcovers that will unify your diverse plantings. You may choose to plant each area in a particular palette that complements its sun and light characteristics: for instance, grey leaved plants and brightly colored flowers in a sunny exposure; dark green and paler colored flowers in shadier areas. These could then be tied together using signature plants or by gradually transitioning the color scheme where two areas meet.

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Guru Spotlight
Patricia Walters-Fischer