Vines Tips

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What should be considered before planting vines on certain garden supp

Considerations before planting

Before you select vines to grow on a garden structure you should take into consideration the nature of your structure and match it to the vine. (For instance, the effect of an elegantly designed support would become lost under a dense-leafed climber, such as grape vine or Dutchman's pipe.) Also, ask yourself whether you would like a perennial or annual vine, a flowering vine, or would you like the vines to yield edibles as well. Consider whether the variety you choose will drop flowers or fruit that may stain lawn furniture or flooring if it is going to act as a covering to an outdoor area. Muscadine grapes may be a great vining plant but wouldn't be recommended as a choice for over a seating area.

   
Is Clematis a good choice for a vine ?

Clematis-great vine choice!

Clematis, with its many uses, is an excellent choice for your landscape use. Clematis is among the most decorative and spectacular of all the flowering vines. A wide range of color and flower shapes may be found in the many varieties and species. They can act as accent vines when trained on arbors, light wires, or delicate trellises, but are also effective when allowed to trail over rocks, stone walls, or fences.
The large-flowered clematis hybrids are the most widely used. These hybrids are deciduous vines that climb by twining stems, which act as tendrils. They can reach a height of 8 to 10 feet. Flowering time varies according to variety but may be from late spring until frost.

   
What can I use to support climbing vines?

Arbors

An arbor formed by flowering vines trained up and over a framework of wood or metal, (usually freestanding and available at garden centres) can provide a cool dappled shade canopy which will be delightful for outdoor meals or for just relaxing.

   
When is the best time to plant bare-root vines?

When to plant vines

You should plant bare-rooted vines in the spring before new growth starts. Plants growing in containers may be planted any time during the year, that is, depending on your zone location.

   
What can you tell me about the vine, American Bittersweet ?

Bittersweet - American Bittersweet as a vine choice

American bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculata), a native plant is a vigorous vine that grows 10 to 20 feet tall and climbs by means of twining stems. It will thrive in almost any soil or exposure except a wet, boggy situation. Bittersweet is usually planted for its attractive fruit, a favorite in dried arrangements. Reddish-yellow fruit capsules open in early autumn to expose red-orange berries. The fruits are grouped in terminal clusters, which make them very striking before the leaves fall.

   
What can be done to encourage a full-foliaged upward growth on my vine

Encouraging thick even growth

If your vines develop sparse foliage low on the trellis and develop mass foliage on top, pinch back the terminal growth of the stems as they emerge. Pinching will force lower branching and more distribution of foliage on the trellis.

   
Where can freestanding trellises be used?

Trellises for support

Freestanding trellises placed strategically in the garden can provide a privacy screen, divide one garden space from another, or act as space savers to support edibles, such as cucumbers and pole beans in a vegetable garden. Freestanding, they can also bring the fragrance of sweet peas or honeysuckle to any area where the flower's perfume can be appreciated.

   
What methods of climbing do vines have?

Methods of climbing for vines

Some vines have tendrils that wrap around any type of support, such as grape, sweetpea or clematis.
Twining vines climb by winding their stems around available support, such as morning glories or honeysuckle.
Other vines climb by clinging and attaching themselves to surfaces with small discs or rootlets along the stem like the climbing hydrangea or trumpet creeper vine.

   
What are some vines that can cover my chimney?

Covering Chimineys

Cover a brick chimney with a self-climbing perennial vine, like climbing hydrangea or silver-laced vine, neither of which will harm mortar.

   
How can the planting of vines help in a small garden?

Use vines instead of a fence

In a small garden, in close proximity to neighbors or a street, a solid fence can make limited space feel restricted. An openwork fence planted with vines can give you the required privacy and, at the same time, the bonus of color and a feeling of space.

   
How does Oriental Bittersweet differ from American Bittersweet?

Bittersweet-Oriental Bittersweet

Oriental bittersweet is colorful as a garden plant and quite similar to the American type, but grows more vigorously. Vines often grow 30 to 40 feet tall! The fruit is similar in appearance but is borne in lateral clusters that are smaller than the American type. Another type, the Chinese or Loesener bittersweet, is less hardy but grown because of its prolific fruiting habit.

   
Can you give me some basic info about Wisterias?

Wisterias - general info

Wisterias are great for training on stoutly constructed arbors or pergolas. They are best trained horizontally on a wire or structure 10 to 20 feet above the ground. Wisterias are excellent for use on open-structured roofs over patios and terraces.

   
In what conditions do vines grow best?

Some basic requirements

Most vines will produce their best growth, flowers and fruit in full sun or nearly full sun. Remember to allow proper spacing and provide adequate pruning to allow for good air circulation to all parts of the plant.
Vines growing poorly should be fertilized in early spring. One cup of 5-10-5 or similar fertilizer should be worked into the soil around each vine.

   
What is known about the vine, Bitterweet ?

Bittersweet-Planting considerations

If you have chosen Bittersweet (Celastrus sp.), keep in mind that this vine is not easily transplanted due to the spreading root system. Therefore small, young plants should be used. Plants grow rapidly once established, and can become a nuisance if not pruned back occasionally to keep them under control. The vines should not be permitted to climb trees or shrubs as they have the ability to choke them out. Bittersweet occasionally may be infested with euonymus scale, but otherwise it has few insect or disease pests.

   
Should vines be pruned?

Pruning vines

Some vines grow rampant and may appear overgrown unless they are severely pruned at frequent intervals. Only when a natural effect is desired and there is enough space should vines be allowed to grow freely.

   
How can I make my garden entrance more inviting?

Archways

Archways are most often placed over an entrance way to a garden, often in conjunction with a gate. When covered with flowering vines, the entrance will extend a bloom-filled greeting to visitors and it can even be expanded into a breezeway, perhaps with seating.

   
What are the soil requirements for most vines?

Soil conditions for most vines

All vines need a fertile and well-drained soil to grow in, and, because a climber is expected to put out extensive growth, it is important that you provide it with nutrients. Add compost, peat, or composted manure with a little bonemeal to the planting hole. Apart from improving the soil your vine has been planted in, wait until the plant has settled in and is showing strong new growth before fertilizing.

   
Can vines act as a screen?

Vines can act as screens

Dense vines with coarse foliage can act as a screen for a vegetable or cutting garden-- keeping it apart from entertainment areas. They can also serve as an outdoor wall to separate adult from children's area or provide privacy for a patio or porch.

   
What are some considerations when choosing a “clinging” type vine?

Clinging vines...a consideration before planting

When choosing a “clinging” vine take into consideration the hard task of prying the stems loose should removing them become desirable or necessary. More than likely bits of root or disc will be left on the structure surface which can be a real chore to remove.

   
How can I support a young vine to grow in a desired pattern?

Fasten young vines to support

Young vines should be trained to provide the desired growth pattern on a support structure. Make sure you fasten new canes into position by tying them with a soft cloth strip.

   
Where are “clinging” vines best suited for planting?

Plant climbing vines in the right location

Clinging vines should never be used on the walls of frame buildings. Their method of climbing has a tendency to damage wood since they cling so closely to the wall. Moisture is likely to collect under them and cause the wood to rot. They can also force fine wood structures apart by pushing their way into the joints. They are best used on brick or masonry walls.

   
Are climbing roses similar to vines?

Climbing Roses

Unlike vines, climbing roses have no tendrils or grippers with which to attach themselves to any kind of support, It is therefore up to the gardener to train the woody, horizontally growing shoots around the trellis or arbor, usually with the help of twine. Make sure the ties are slack to prevent the growing stems from choking to death.

   
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